Quickzi: Stop Syslog from putting –MARK– in the logs

By default, the syslog daemon will place –MARK– messages in your /var/log/messages log file every twenty minutes. This can get annoying and eventually lead to a waste of space. Heres a quick tip on how to stop syslog from putting –MARK– in the messages log.

  1. Edit the syslogd file. (In Ubuntu, this file is located in /etc/default/syslogd – on some other distributions, you’ll want to edit whatever file starts up the syslog daemon.)
  2. Locate the following line that starts with:

    SYSLOGD=”"

  3. Modify this line to read:

    SYSLOGD=”-m 0″

  4. Restart syslog:

    /etc/init.d/sysklogd restart

Cheers!

Quickzi: How to determine file types on Linux

Need to find out what all the file types in a certain directory are? Simple!

Execute the following on the command line:

find /path/here/ -type f -print | xargs file

I typed: find /home/adam/test/ -type f -print | xargs file

The output will look something like this:

/home/adam/test/music.wav: RIFF (little-endian) data, WAVE audio, Microsoft PCM, 16 bit, mono 44100 Hz
/home/adam/test/package.deb: Debian binary package (format 2.0)
/home/adam/test/file.tar.gz: gzip compressed data, from Unix, last modified: Tue Jun 20 12:51:11 2006
/home/adam/test/widget.xml: ASCII text, with CRLF line terminators
/home/adam/test/logfile.txt: empty

Cheers!

Quickzi: How to Jail VSFTPD Users

If you’re worried about FTP users exploring outside of their home directory, you want to set up what is called a chroot jail.

To do this, open the /etc/vsftpd.conf file:

vim /etc/vsftpd.conf

and make the following modifications (line should be uncommented):

chroot_local_user=YES

After you save the file, restart vsftpd:

/etc/init.d/vsftpd restart

Now all users will be jailed to their own home directory when using FTP.
Now, lets say you only want to jail certain users, and allow other users to browse other directories. To do this, you’ll want to again edit the configuration file.

vim /etc/vsftpd.conf

uncomment the following lines:

chroot_list_enable=YES
chroot_list_file=/etc/vsftpd.chroot_list

After you save the file, restart vsftpd:

/etc/init.d/vsftpd restart

Now you will need to create the /etc/vsftpd.chroot_list file and add in users you do NOT want to jail. By default, all users will be jailed. In the /etc/vsftpd.chroot_list file you can specify what users to allow to browse all directories.

Using Ntop on CentOS 4

ntop is a network traffic tool that shows network usage in a real time. One of the good things about this tool is that you can use a web browser to manage and navigate through ntop traffic information to better understand network status.

Ntop monitors and reports hosts traffic and supports these protocols:

  • TCP/UDP/ICMP
  • (R)ARP
  • IPX
  • DLC
  • Decnet
  • AppleTalk
  • Netbios
  • TCP/UDP

In this tutorial we’ll install ntop 3.2 in CentOS 4.

HOWTO: Setup a Debian/Ubuntu LAMP Server

Build Your Own Debian/Ubuntu LAMP Server – Quick & Easy Do it Yourself Installation

This howto tutorial was written by Scott from MySQL-Apache-PHP.com.

  • Apache 2 – Linux Web server
  • MySQL 5 – MySQL Database Server
  • PHP4/5 – PHP Scripting Language
  • phpMyAdmin – Web-based database admin software.

Note: Linux + Apache + MySQL + PHP/Perl together commonly known as LAMP Server.

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